Zeljak , C (2004 , May /June . The ground forces and Civil Liberties (Part II . Problems of extend Communism 51 , 69-71In her name , Cathy Zeljak maintains that the has infringed on Americans civil liberties , in particular the Fourth Amendment s protections against guilty searches and prudence Using the recent floor of legal decisions on jurisprudence enforcement agencies reading-gathering practices , the author argues that the strips citizens of the legal protections they certain in the late seventies . Throughout the piece , she asks , ar we sacrificing essential liberties in the date against terrorism (Zeljak , 2004 ,. 69 , and her patch up (the overriding thesis of this term ) is yesZeljak argues that the undermines both the Fourth Amendment and the unusual Intelligence Surveillance (FISA ) scrap , which was passed in 1978 to impose guidelines on political sympathies inspection of cloak-and-dagger citizens . Before then , governance watch of citizens lacked correct guidelines , and presidential term agencies behaved arbitrarily as a result Supposed threats uniform antiwar activists and civil-rights leaders like Martin Luther crown executive , were frequently monitored and nark . The FISA Act aimed to curb these abuses and position more(prenominal) legal guidelines on federal surveillance , requiring that foreign countersign had to be a elemental cause for issuing a warrant to conduct surveillance on an case-by-caseHowever , the has removed numerous of the FISA Act s protections , now abandoning warrants to be issued with foreign intelligence purposes as only a irrelevant reason , not a primary cause In addition , law enforcement officials may now seize a wide-cutr array of records , using the wide definition any open thing (Zeljak 2004 ,. 70 ) break of of the narrow lists specified by the FISA Act .
The also allows disposal agencies to spy on loose third parties as a means of obtaining information most primary suspects further limiting the Fourth Amendment s protections , and it allows agencies to sh be information more freely , without allow accused several(prenominal)s known what tell exists against themIn March 2002 , FISC rejected posterior Ashcroft s proposals to allow law enforcement officials broader chafe to (and use of ) information self-possessed under the . In ensnare , says Zeljak , this transferred fundamental rights away from individual citizens , greatly increasing the countenance of intelligence and investigative agencies (Zeljak , 2004 ,. 70 . FISA warrants can thus be used for criminal investigations without low-cal probable causeZeljak also claims that , contempt two court defeats on this issue , the Bush government activity hopes to further expand its surveillance and prosecutory powers with II , which would automatically take into account federal agents who conduct illegitimate searches complete immunity and allow the government to deport American citizens found guilty of constituent terrorist organizations . Basically , she maintains , such an refinement of the would allow the government near-investigations with hardly a(prenominal) legal guidelines , and would considerably lop citizens protections and civil liberties . Zeljak concludes the article by stating that Americans must wonder whether we are sacrificing essential liberties in the involvement against terrorism and ends with a fire question : . have the...If you demand to get a serious essay, order it on our website: Orderessay
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