It can be safely assumed that most utopias argon written as a form of critical explanation on the authors own society. Thus, it can hardly be impress when a philosophers view of the perfect corporation differs radically from the community in which he himself lives. However, in many ways, the author is a product of his own society, and thus his work contains biases and preconceptions ingrained in him by his cultural context. This dichotomy of similarities and differences is evident in the video of womens roles in both The Republic, by Plato, and Utopia, by Thomas More. twain Plato and More, in their respective works, assign to women a role that is untold more progressive than the role held by women in their coetaneous societies. However, even with this progressive view, the differences between the roles assigned to men, and those assigned to women clearly reflect the preconceptions regarding gender roles present in the authors societies, as comfortably as those of the authors themselves.
In Athenian society of the 3rd and 4th centuries BCE, women light-emitting diode very sheltered, cloistered lives. Athens is viewed as the earliest good example of democracy, and yet fully half of its inhabitants, all of the women, were denied citizenship, and thereby an participation in the governing of the city-state.
Within this context, Platos depiction of the role of women in his utopia is startling. To make his argument, Plato first brings up the analogy of a guard dog. He argues that one would not exempt a female watchdog from her work as a guardian, simply because she gives birth to puppies. Since Plato sees the upper-class, the Guardians, as the watchdogs of the state, he similarly holds that female Guardians ought to be given the identical responsibilities as men. He argues that the only difference between...
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