Appreciation of Music Class Notes

Appreciation of Music Notes Pitch: highs and lows of the sound Octave 2:1 ratio of vibrations Western music divides in 12 pitches Distance between honors: intervals Scales: chromatic (12) Major/Minor: (7) Melody: 1 note, Harmony: 2 or more notes Pitch notation: fivesome line staff, round note heads set back 7 letters of alphabet, sharps and flats Duration: length of sound in time Beat: steady, first-class honours degree-string pulse Subdivision of beat: shorter rhythems within beat Accent: added to notes, Synocopation: accents that arent expected Tempo: accusation of beat (italian) Rhythmic notation: note head stem, flag, beam Dynamics: volume Notations of dynamics Gradual dynamic changes Timbre: ram down of sound (tone color) Overtones series, ears fooled, think hardly one pitch Actually hearing many, contrastive instraments Bring out different everyplace tones (in terms of volume) Style period: historic periods with similar compositional traits Prehistoric: circa (around) calciferol B.C.E, functional music, voice and percussion first instraments Ancient: 500B.C.E.-450 C.E, rise of ancient Greek city states (athens) Functional, used at weddings, funerals, religious ceremonies Religious CeremoniesL 9 goddesses, Muses- stock of music Cult of Apollo, string instrament, origin of lyre Cult of Dionesis: clay sculpture instrament (aulos) Pathagerous discovers perfect ratio (musical octave) Music of spheres (music=math) Doctrine of Ethos- bravery, fear, etc. Scales- octave divided into 7 notes called modes. (Ionian, Lydian, Aeolian, etc.
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) Melodic cereal: monophonic - one musical theme happening         Homophonic- more than one amour happening Middle Ages: 450-1425 C.E. Called medieval ages ,dark ages Concept of form originated. How to chart it. A)         Sacred music: Catholic church, professional Composers/musicians= monks, priests A cappella: voice only, instraments were devils music Plainchant: Gregorian chant- systematise by Pope Greg. 1 (600) Sacred text, a cappella,, Mediveal modes (old greek modes) monophonic texture Hildegard of Bingen: Nun, composer, romantic chant Thoughroughly Composed: continually new music Perotin: Priest, notre dame, greatest four... If you pauperism to get a sufficient essay, order it on our website: Orderessay

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