Scientists developed a revolutionary theory called plate architectonics. tectonic plates are in the lithosphere described as a degree of rigid material composed of the outer gall and the very top of the cover. It is divided into seven large plates and some(prenominal) more than smaller plates. These plates drift very slowly everyplace the curtain below, which is lubricated by a soft class called the asthenosphere. The practise at the boundary between some of these plates is the prime gas pedal for magma(volcanic eruption) yield. Where the different plates meet, they typically interact in star of quaternary ways and volcanic eruption happens: If the two plates are move away from each other, an seaic ridge or Continental ridge forms, depending on whether the plates meet chthonian the ocean or on land. As the two plates separate, the cerebral cortex gemstone from the asthenosphere degree below flows up into the void between the plates. Because the coerce is not as great at this level, the mantle fluctuate pass on melt, forming magma. As the magma flows out, it cools, hardening to form new crust. This fills in the kerfuffle created by the plates diverging. This sort of magma proceeds is called spreading circle attack volcanism. At the point where two plates collide, one plate may be pushed under(a) the other plate, so that it sinks into the mantle.
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This process, called subduction, typically forms a trench, a very deep ditch, usually in the ocean floor. As the rigid lithosphere pushes down into the hot, high-pressure mantle, it heats up. galore(postnominal) scientists retrieve that the sinking lithosphere form cant melt at this depth, and that the heat and pressure forces the ! wet system (the surface water and water from hydrated minerals) out of the plate and into the mantle layer above. The increased water content lowers the melting point of the mantle rock in this wedge, causing it to melt into magma. This sort of magma production is called subduction zone volcanism. If the plates collide and neither plate can subduct under the other,...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderEssay.net

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