Aristotle (384-322 BCE ) treated ethics as an independent branch of amiable science , though he incorporated many points from schoolhouse of thought into the doctrine . In the Nicomachean Ethics (EN ) the philosopher presented the concepts of felicity as the final tender-hearted good , virtues of character and of thought , preconditions of virtue ( unforced serve and responsibility , friendship and pleasure . Aristotle s ethical possible action was tensely linked to political science and tackled upon both single and connection ethical natures , since in the philosopher s conceptualization a manity organism is a naturally political [animal] (EN I .7 6 .1097b11-2 : 8The end of the present is to discuss Aristotle s views of the part of the human experience which ostensible themselves in human action on the rocking h orse of happiness as the ultimate good . The sense fit in to Aristotle is the crush of development and change . Either intentionally or circumstantially an various(prenominal)s may mould his brain to live both the manners of gratification , or of political activity , or , the almost advisedly of studyIn discussing the specific ways that individuals can keep up in shaping their souls so as to live the outperform conduct , Aristotle emphasized that each human being was trusty for maturation virtues and vices . He remarked that , It is not only vices of the soul that are voluntary vices of the body are also voluntary for close to passel , and we actually censure them (EN III .5 . 15 .1114a23-1114a24 : 38-9 . This saying speaks on behalf of the individual playing an important role in structuring his hold life and the life of other people within a political systemThough the philosopher named a human being an animal he showed the key distinctions between the two cre atures in regard to the capacities and state! s of the soul . Aristotle seemed to create a two-fold system in relating to the human soul against the counterpoint of rationality or former .
In his eyeshot , there were the splanchnic and the rational (the part which had moderateness ) lift of the human soul (EN I .13 . 9 .1102a29-30 17It seems clear because the philosopher dismissed the purely intuitive part from his classification . The so-called cause of nutrition and growth (EN I .13 . 11 .1102b1 : 17 ) was hardly to participate in ethical firmament of an individual because it was believed to be shared by both humans and nonhumans kindred (EN I .13 . 12 .1102b5 : 17 . Specifically human separate of the soul were , thus , the intuitive sub-part nursing appetites or nonrational desires , and the rational part in its two variants : the nonpareil which ordain have reason fully , by having it within itself and the virtuoso which will have reason by listening to reason as to a father (EN I .13 . 18 .1103a3-4 : 18 . Therefore , reason seems to be the guiding principle of the human soulTo reach the ultimate good or happiness (eudaimonia , a rationally functioning individual should seek to balance the nonrational and rational parts of his soul against each other . At the same time , one should not suppress completely...If you invite to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderEssay.net
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