Events And People Of The European Enlightenment

Julia Schwarz
Final Discussion
History 112

In 1517 The Protestant reformation chip in by Martian Luther and John Calvin represented the largest break from the just from the structure of the catholic church. The Protestant reclamation began as an travail to reform the Catholic Church, by priests who opposed what they perceived as false doctrines and ecclesiastic malpractice. Especially the teaching and the sale of indulgences or the abuses of selling and buying of clerical offices. The Protestant Reformation began when Martin Luther nailed his xcv Theses on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences to the door of the Castle Church, in Wittenberg. The theses debated and criticized the Church and the Pope, but concentrated upon the selling of indulgences and doctrinal policies. Luther argued that the Bible, non the pope, was the central means to discern Gods word. Further, Luther kept up(p) that salvation was granted by faith alone. Good workings and the sacraments were not necessary in order to be saved. The Reformation led to a series of religious wars that culminated in the cardinal Years War, which devastated much of Germany, killing between 25 and 40% of its population.

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Despite the diversity of revolutionary forces in the 16th century, the Reformation had largely consistent results throughout Western Europe. In general, the queen and wealth lost by the feudal nobility and the roman Catholic hierarchy passed to the middle classes. Various regions of Europe gained political, religious, and ethnical independence. The destruction of the medieval system of authority removed conventional religious restrictions on trade and banking, and opened the way for the growing of capitalism. During the Reformation national languages and literature were greatly advanced by the wide dissemination of religious literature written in the languages of the people, rather than in Latin. Religion became less the province of a highly privileged clergy and more a direct sort of the...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: Orderessay

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